UNITS OF MEASURE

US system

WEIGHT
  • 1 pound = 16oz = 453.5g = 30.3 tbsp
VOLUME
  • 1 pound = 16oz
  • 1 gallon = 4 quarts = 16 cups = 128 fluid ounces (fl. oz)
  • 1 quart = 2 pints = 4 cups = 32 fluid ounces (fl. oz)
  • 1 pint = 1/2 quart = 2 cups = 16 fluid ounces (fl. oz)
  • 1 cup = .25 quarts =.5 pint = 8fl.oz = 16 tbsp
  • 1 fl.oz = .125 cups = 2 tbsp = 6 tsp
  • 1 tbsp = .5 fl.oz = 3 tsp
LENGTH
  • 1 foot = 12 inches

TEMPERATURE
  • °F to °C     From the Feirenheit temperature, deduct 32, then multiply by 5, and then divide by 9.
  • 212 degrees Feirenheit (°F) is the boiling point of water
  • 32 degrees Feirenheit (°F) is the freezing point of water

 


 

Metric system

WEIGHT
  • Weight measurements are measured in grams (g)
  • Metric ton = 1,000,000g
  • 1Kilogram (kg) = 1000g
  • 1 Hectogram  = 100g
  • 1 Dekagram = 10g
  • Gram = 1g
  • Decigram = .10g
  • Centigram =.01g
  • Milligram =.001g
VOLUME
  • Volume measurements are measured in liters (L)
  • kiloliter (kl) = 1000 liters
  • Hectoliter (hl) = 100 liters
  • Dekaliters (dl) = 10 liters
  • Liter = 1 Liter
  • Deciliter (dl) =.1 liters
  • Centiliter (cl) = .01 liters
  • Milliliter (ml) = .001 liters
LENGTH
  • Length measurements are measured in meters (m)
  • Kilometer = 1000 meters
  • Hectometer = 100 meters
  • Dekameter = 10 meters
  • Meter = 1 meter
  • Decimeter (dm) = .1 meter (1/10th of a meter)
  • Centimeter (cm) = .01 meter (1/100th of a meter)
  • Millimeter (mm) = .001 meter (1/1000th of a meter)
TEMPERATURE
  • Temperature measurements are measured in degrees Celcius (°C).
  • 100 degrees Celcius (°C) is the boiling point of water
  • 0 degrees Celcius (°C) is the boiling point of water
    °C to °F     Multiply the Celcius temperature by 9, then divide by 5, and then add 32.

Weight/Volume measurements of monstly used ingredients in a baking shop

        BUTTER
      • 1 square-inch cube of unsalted butter = 20g = .8oz = 4 tsp OR 1 tbsp + 1 1/2 tsp
      • 1/4 cup unsalted butter (as shown on package) = 62ml
      • 1/2 cup unsalted butter (as shown on package) = 125ml
      • 1 cup unsalted butter (as shown on package) = 250ml
      • 2 cups unsalted butter (the whole bar) = 500ml = 460g = 10.2oz
      • A 1.5 cm (5/8") slice = 1/4 cup
      • A 3 cm (1 1/8") slice = 1/2 cup
      • A 6 cm (2 3/8") slice = 1 cup
      • CORNSTARCH
      • 1 tbsp =10g
      • FLOUR
      • 1cup flour (all purpose, white) = 145g
      • 1/2 cup flour (all purpose, white) = 70g
      • 1/4 cup flour (all purpose, white) = 30g
      • EGGS
      • 1 large egg (with shell) = 55g/2oz
      • 1 whole egg (without shell) = 47g
      • 1 egg yolk = 19g
      • 1 egg white = 28g
      • MILK
      • 1 cup = 244g
      • SALT
      • 1 tsp salt = 6g = .2oz
      • 1 tbsp salt =20g (seasalt)
      • 1tsp salt = 5g
      • OLIVE OIL
      • 1 tbsp = 10g
      • 1/4 cup = 45g
      • 1/2 cup = 100g
        SUGAR
      • 1 tbsp sugar = 10g
      • 1 tsp sugar = 5g
      • 1/2 tsp sugar < 5g
      • WATER
      • 1 cup water (at room temperature,~68 °F) = 230g
      • 1 cup water (at 150 °F= 210g
      • 1/2 cup water (at room temperature,~68 °F) = 110g
      • 1/4 cup water (at room temperature,~68 °F) = 50g
      • 1 tbsp water (at room temperature,~68 °F) = .2g
      • 1g = .033oz = 1ml
      • 1 tsp = 5ml
      • 1 tbsp = 15ml
      • YEAST
      • 1 tsp yeast = 4g
      • 1 tbsp yeast = 10g
      • 1 package quick rise yeast = 2 1/4 tsp = 7g
      • Quick rise yeast equivant = Fresh yeast amount / 3
      • Fresh yeast equivalent = quick rise yeast amount x 3
      • YOGURT (2%)
      • 1 tbsp = 15g
      • 1/2 cup = 130g
      • 1 cup = 255g

Converting US to Metric and vice versa

    • With todays digital scales, conversions from US to metric units and vice versa are not needed.